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  • o Tank – Babies: 30/40 gal
    o Larger: Lowboy/
    Tortoise House
    o Substrate – Large Reptichip
    Block/ 2 Large bags
    o Heating – Basking Bulb &
    Fixture + UVB 5.0 Linear
    o Digital Thermometer
    o Water Dish
    o Food Dish
    o Hides + Humid Hide if Baby
    o Repashy Superveggie
    o Cuttlebone

  • For baby tortoises (4 inch shell and under) we recommend not going larger in caging than a 30/40 gallon. Larger tortoises caging will vary with species and age but can usually be started in a tortoise house or lowboy tank.

    Outdoor enclosures:
    Smaller tortoise species can be kept partially outdoors, weather and size permitting (we do not recommend outdoor enclosures for tortoises under 6 inches), if an outdoor pen is set up properly. The minimum cage size does apply, and extra precautions need to be taken. Shade, extra hiding spots, cool dirt areas, and a constantly full water source are required for safe outdoor habitats. If the weather drops under 65 at night tortoises need to be brought inside. Tortoises under 10 inches should have mesh covers on their outdoor enclosures for their safety especially if staying out overnight to keep them safe from predators.

    Larger tortoise species that will live outdoors full time do require the same shaded and cool spots to hide, a large water dish that is large enough for them to lay in. For under 65 degree weather larger animals will need to be brought inside with proper lighting or setup in a heated stable style area to be checked on regularly throughout the cold seasons. Feel free to ask us how to set up one of these enclosures safely.

    Burrowing species will leave yards and pens. Chicken wire, bricks, or concrete may need to be placed underground around the edge of the enclosure to keep the animal secure.

  • For indoor enclosures we recommend chip style substrate such as reptibark or reptichip. Baby tortoises need higher humidity substrate with a humid hide.

  • Indoor basking temperatures should be maintained at 90-95 degrees. UVB light is essential for tortoises and a fluorescent tube UVB5.0 bulb or a mercury vapor bulb should be used. Baby tortoises benefit from being warm at night and a lower wattage CHE/night bulb should added to assist getting the night basking spot to 80-85

  • Tortoises should always have access to clean water, a ramp bowl they can fit into is ideal as they will soak themselves.
    Baby tortoises require extra humidity and their enclosures should be sprayed daily as well as a always damp humid hide being available to them.

    Forest tortoises need higher humidity their whole life which will need to be maintained in all enclosures.

  • Tortoises are grazers, and require a fiber rich diet. Staple vegetables for an indoor tortoise diet see our safe produce list.
    Tortoises should be fed daily veggies with a calcium supplement added. Repashy products such as grassland grazer can be added and are beneficial to all tortoises. A moistened pellet style food can also be offered. Forest tortoises require more protein and benefit from insects/worms/repashy grub pie weekly.

  • Indoor tortoises should have a place to hide in their enclosure along with a food and ramp water dish.

  • Substrate should be regularly spot cleaned and fully changed out every 3-4 months.
    Spot clean your tortoise’s habitat daily to remove any feces, urates, shed skin, or uneaten food.

  • Baby tortoises should receive minimal handling since they are fragile with soft shells.

    Sub adults can be held but all tortoise prefer to be able to walk around rather than being held up.

    Tortoises have a few issues with their health that can occur.

    Eyes: Sometimes tortoises may have issues with swollen/closed/goopy eyes. This may occur because of too low levels of heat. If you see this occurring in your tortoise please give us a call

    Pyramiding: Pyramiding occurs when tortoises do not receive the proper nutrition, calcium, and UVB it causes their scutes to rise “pyramid” and their shell not grow flat. Proper lighting and feeding is important to avoid pyramiding as is it not reversable.

Indoor/Baby Tortoise

Size: 8-30 inches (depending on species)
Lifespan: 50-150 years
Diet: Plants & Vegetables
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Docile
Activity: Diurnal

Common Species:
• Russian Tortoises: Adult size 7-10 inches. 40-60 year lifespan. 4x2 ft cage minimum. Desert Tortoise.
• Hermanns Tortoises: Adult size 7-10 inches. 60-80 year lifespan. 4x2 ft cage minimum. Desert Tortoise.
• Greek Tortoises: Adult size 7-11 inches. 60-100 year lifespan. 4x2 ft cage minimum. Desert Tortoise.
• Red Foot Tortoises: Adult size 12-18 inches. 50-90 year lifespan. 120 sq ft cage minimum. Forest Tortoise.
• Yellow Foot Tortoises: Adult size 16-30 inches. 50-90 year lifespan. 120 sq ft cage minimum. Forest Tortoise.
• Leopard Tortoises: Adult size 18-28 inches. 80-120 year lifespan. 120 sq ft cage minimum. Desert Tortoise.
• Sulcata Tortoises: Adult size 24-36 inches. 80-150 year lifespan. 240 sq ft cage minimum. Desert Tortoise.

*Cage sizing is for single tortoises*

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